Hi dear visitor,
Today I am going to introduce the WDS server, I mean to all steps for creating a new capture, adding pack drivers and deploying an image on specific some machine.
Microsoft offers this solution for an organization which doesn’t have money to purchase any third party software or purchase SCCM, the WDS server allows us to deploy images from a central location to any type of computer.
We as a system administrators suppose to ensure the IP Helper does not block because WDS working with PXE protocol and as most of us know, the PXE and WDS making the broadcast and routers could not passing broadcast unless we set the IP Helper. My personal opinion about WDS is that WDS is really good tools which could help us in small organizations.
- You have to configure the 66,67 options in your DHCP
- You have to allow IP Helper
- You have set static IP for WDS server.
- Sorry for scribbles.
- insert Windows 7 disk.
Look at next figure, I want to configure DHCP Options for 67,66.
You must do it correctly and be accurate because you can waste a lot of time about BOOT PXE troubleshooting.
In order to install WDS you can perform the following steps:
- In Server Manager, click Manage.
- Click Add roles and features.
- Select Role-based or feature-based installation and choose the server to deploy WDS.
- On the Select server roles page select the Windows Deployment Services check box.
- Click Next and follow the wizard to completion.
I already installed it.
Let’s create a boot image
Right click on Boot Image and then “Add Boot Image”
We take the boot image from Windows Disk installation, so you have to insert Windows disk and add the “boot.win” file.
Type any name you want and continue with next
After we added the boot image the next step is creating a capture from boot image we added.
Right click on out Boot image and then click on capture.
Type capture name and specify the location,
My capture saved under “RemoteInstall” folder which created alone when we installed WDS role.
The next step and the important one is to insert driver to the capture,
To capture we just need to add “Network Driver“, if we won’t add the correct drive of the computer type we won’t be able to boot from the network correctly.
Go to drivers and add the drive:
Here is my network computer type “5048 LAN”
If you find any specific INF file so select the first option.
Enough drivers for my LAB capture, (I found kind of CAB file that contains 176 networks drivers)
WDS knows to identify between 64 – 32 bit
Once this step is finished, we can create Group Drive, which contains this package of drives, it’s good for the future and for any kind of tidy
Now we need to create the capture, you have to prepare the computer and run “Sysprep + Shutdown”.
Once the computer is powered off, boot the computer with F12 and select the boot from LAN / network
Select the capture you created.
Click on Next
Type Name for image
In the next figure, we have to specify the location the image will save.
DO not forget to mark the “V” (insert the image to WDS).
Type the WDS server by IP or Name and you will get credential windows.
Image Group Name: it intends for making a tidy of Operation system group, for instance, you can make some images for Windows 7 AND some image for windows 10 so this option is good for that.
Here you can see the creation process…
It could take 20-30 minutes, depends on your network bandwidth and disk performance.
If you want to insert an unattended file you can d that by right click on capture and select properties.
What do we have left?
Just to deploy the image on some computer.
Make sure that network drive exists in WDS.
Go to one of your computers and boot him via F12 and select the Windows boot that we have to deploy the image.
You should get the next figure:
Insert Administrator credential :
And select your image,
Again, I’m sorry about scribbles
And from this spot, you can continue alone.